This tutorial shows you how to install Tomcat on Ubuntu, with help of the buith-in apt-get command.

1. apt-get install

1.1 Find an available Tomcat package to install

$ sudo apt-cache search tomcat
//...
tomcat7 - Servlet and JSP engine
tomcat7-admin - Servlet and JSP engine -- admin web applications
tomcat7-common - Servlet and JSP engine -- common files
tomcat7-docs - Servlet and JSP engine -- documentation
tomcat7-examples - Servlet and JSP engine -- example web applications

1.2 Install the following Tomcat packages :

$ sudo apt-get install tomcat7-admin
$ sudo apt-get install tomcat7

1.3 Done. Tomcat is installed and configured automatically.

2. Where is Tomcat installed?

2.1 Tomcat auto start script is created in /etc/init.d/ folder.

$ sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat7 start
$ sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat7 stop
$ sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat7 restart

2.2 Tomcat bin folder is created in /usr/share/tomcat7.

$ ls -lsa /usr/share/tomcat7/
 
 4 drwxr-xr-x   4 root root  4096 Mac  11 23:21 .
12 drwxr-xr-x 282 root root 12288 Mac  11 23:21 ..
 4 drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Mac  11 23:21 bin
 4 -rw-r--r--   1 root root    39 Jul  31  2013 defaults.md5sum
 4 -rw-r--r--   1 root root  2030 Jul  31  2013 defaults.template
 4 drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Mac  11 23:21 lib
 4 -rw-r--r--   1 root root    53 Jul  31  2013 logrotate.md5sum
 4 -rw-r--r--   1 root root   118 Jul  31  2013 logrotate.template

2.3 Tomcat conf and logs folders are created in /var/lib/tomcat7.

$ ls -lsa /var/lib/tomcat7/
 
4 drwxr-xr-x  6 root    root    4096 Mac  11 23:21 .
4 drwxr-xr-x 64 root    root    4096 Mac  11 23:21 ..
4 drwxr-xr-x  3 tomcat7 tomcat7 4096 Mac  11 23:21 common
0 lrwxrwxrwx  1 root    root      12 Mac   5 01:20 conf -> /etc/tomcat7
0 lrwxrwxrwx  1 root    root      17 Mac   5 01:20 logs -> ../../log/tomcat7
4 drwxr-xr-x  3 tomcat7 tomcat7 4096 Mac  11 23:21 server
4 drwxr-xr-x  3 tomcat7 tomcat7 4096 Mac  11 23:21 shared
4 drwxrwxr-x  3 tomcat7 tomcat7 4096 Mac  11 23:21 webapps
0 lrwxrwxrwx  1 root    root      19 Mac   5 01:20 work -> ../../cache/tomcat7

References

  1. Tomcat Setup
  2. Apache Tomcat
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