In Spring 3, comes with a abstract class “AbstractRssFeedView” to generate RSS feed view, using java.net’s ROME package. In this tutorial, we show you how to generate a RSS feed view from Spring MVC framework.

Technologies used :

  1. Spring 3.0.5.RELEASE
  2. ROME 1.0.0
  3. JDK 1.6
  4. Eclipse 3.6
  5. Maven 3

At the end of the tutorial, when you visit this URL – http://localhost:8080/SpringMVC/rest/rssfeed, browser will return following RSS feed content :


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<rss xmlns:content="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/modules/content/" version="2.0">
  <channel>
    <title>Mkyong Dot Com</title>
    <link>http://www.mkyong.com</link>
    <description>Java Tutorials and Examples</description>
    <item>
      <title>Spring MVC Tutorial 1</title>
      <link>http://www.mkyong.com/spring-mvc/tutorial-1</link>
      <content:encoded>Tutorial 1 summary ...</content:encoded>
      <pubDate>Tue, 26 Jul 2011 02:26:08 GMT</pubDate>
    </item>
    <item>
      <title>Spring MVC Tutorial 2</title>
      <link>http://www.mkyong.com/spring-mvc/tutorial-2</link>
      <content:encoded>Tutorial 2 summary ...</content:encoded>
      <pubDate>Tue, 26 Jul 2011 02:26:08 GMT</pubDate>
    </item>
  </channel>
</rss>

1. Directory Structure

Review the final project structure.

directory structure

2. Project Dependencies

For Maven, declares following dependencies in your pom.xml.


	<properties>
		<spring.version>3.0.5.RELEASE</spring.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>

		<!-- Spring 3 dependencies -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- RSS -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>net.java.dev.rome</groupId>
			<artifactId>rome</artifactId>
			<version>1.0.0</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- for compile only, your container should have this -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
			<artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
			<version>2.5</version>
			<scope>provided</scope>
		</dependency>

	</dependencies>

3. Model

A simple POJO, later use this object to generate the RSS feed content.


package com.mkyong.common.model;

import java.util.Date;

public class SampleContent {

	String title;
	String url;
	String summary;
	Date createdDate;

	//getter and seeter methods
}

4. AbstractRssFeedView

Create a class extends AbstractRssFeedView, and override the buildFeedMetadata and buildFeedItems methods, below code should be self-explanatory.


package com.mkyong.common.rss;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.feed.AbstractRssFeedView;
import com.mkyong.common.model.SampleContent;
import com.sun.syndication.feed.rss.Channel;
import com.sun.syndication.feed.rss.Content;
import com.sun.syndication.feed.rss.Item;

public class CustomRssViewer extends AbstractRssFeedView {

	@Override
	protected void buildFeedMetadata(Map<String, Object> model, Channel feed,
		HttpServletRequest request) {
		
		feed.setTitle("Mkyong Dot Com");
		feed.setDescription("Java Tutorials and Examples");
		feed.setLink("http://www.mkyong.com");
		
		super.buildFeedMetadata(model, feed, request);
	}
	
	
	@Override
	protected List<Item> buildFeedItems(Map<String, Object> model,
		HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
		throws Exception {
		
		@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
		List<SampleContent> listContent = (List<SampleContent>) model.get("feedContent");
		List<Item> items = new ArrayList<Item>(listContent.size());
		
		for(SampleContent tempContent : listContent ){
		
			Item item = new Item();
			
			Content content = new Content();
			content.setValue(tempContent.getSummary());
			item.setContent(content);
			
			item.setTitle(tempContent.getTitle());
			item.setLink(tempContent.getUrl());
			item.setPubDate(tempContent.getCreatedDate());
			
			items.add(item);
		}
		
		return items;
	}

}

5. Controller

Spring MVC controller class, generate the rss feed content, and return a view name “rssViewer” (This view name is belong to above “CustomRssViewer“, will register in step 6 later).


package com.mkyong.common.controller;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import com.mkyong.common.model.SampleContent;

@Controller
public class RssController {

	@RequestMapping(value="/rssfeed", method = RequestMethod.GET)
	public ModelAndView getFeedInRss() {

		List<SampleContent> items = new ArrayList<SampleContent>();
		
		SampleContent content  = new SampleContent();
		content.setTitle("Spring MVC Tutorial 1");
		content.setUrl("http://www.mkyong.com/spring-mvc/tutorial-1");
		content.setSummary("Tutorial 1 summary ...");
		content.setCreatedDate(new Date());
		items.add(content);
		
		SampleContent content2  = new SampleContent();
		content2.setTitle("Spring MVC Tutorial 2");
		content2.setUrl("http://www.mkyong.com/spring-mvc/tutorial-2");
		content2.setSummary("Tutorial 2 summary ...");
		content2.setCreatedDate(new Date());
		items.add(content2);
		
		ModelAndView mav = new ModelAndView();
		mav.setViewName("rssViewer");
		mav.addObject("feedContent", items);
		
		return mav;

	}
	
}

6. Spring Bean Registration

In a Spring bean definition file, enable the auto component scanning, and register your “CustomRssViewer” class and “BeanNameViewResolver” view resolver, so that when view name “rssViewer” is returned, Spring know it should map to bean id “rssViewer“.

File : mvc-dispatcher-servlet.xml


<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans     
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

	<context:component-scan base-package="com.mkyong.common.controller" />

	<!-- Map returned view name "rssViewer" to bean id "rssViewer" -->
	<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.BeanNameViewResolver" />

	<bean id="rssViewer" class="com.mkyong.common.rss.CustomRssViewer" />

</beans>
Note
File content of web.xml is omitted, just a standard configuration, if you are interest, download this whole project at the end of the article.

7. Demo

URL : http://localhost:8080/SpringMVC/rest/rssfeed

spring mvc and rss feed demo
How about Atom?
For Atom, you just need to extends AbstractAtomFeedView, instead of AbstractRssFeedView.

Download Source Code

Download it – SpringMVC-RSS-Feed-Example.zip (9 KB)

References

  1. ROME – Java library for RSS Feed
  2. AbstractRssFeedView JavaDoc
  3. Example to create a RSS feed in Java