Java MongoDB : Save image example

In this tutorial, we show you how to save an image file into MongoDB, via GridFS API. The GridFS APIs are able to serve other binary files as well, like video and music files.

Note
For detail explanation, read this MongoDB GridFS manual.

1. Save image

Code snippets to save an image file into MongoDB, under “photo” namespace, and assign a new “filename” for the saved image.

	String newFileName = "mkyong-java-image";
	File imageFile = new File("c:\\JavaWebHosting.png");
	GridFS gfsPhoto = new GridFS(db, "photo");
	GridFSInputFile gfsFile = gfsPhoto.createFile(imageFile);
	gfsFile.setFilename(newFileName);
	gfsFile.save();

2. Get image

Code snippets to get the saved image by its “filename”.

	String newFileName = "mkyong-java-image";
	GridFS gfsPhoto = new GridFS(db, "photo");
	GridFSDBFile imageForOutput = gfsPhoto.findOne(newFileName);
	System.out.println(imageForOutput);

Output, the image is saved as following JSON format.

{ 
	"_id" : 
	{ 
		"$oid" : "4dc9511a14a7d017fee35746"
	} , 
	"chunkSize" : 262144 , 
	"length" : 22672 , 
	"md5" : "1462a6cfa27669af1d8d21c2d7dd1f8b" , 
	"filename" : "mkyong-java-image" , 
	"contentType" :  null  , 
	"uploadDate" : 
	{ 
		"$date" : "2011-05-10T14:52:10Z"
	} , 
	"aliases" :  null 
}

3. Print all saved images

Code snippets to get all the saved files from MongoDB and iterate it with DBCursor.

	GridFS gfsPhoto = new GridFS(db, "photo");
	DBCursor cursor = gfsPhoto.getFileList();
	while (cursor.hasNext()) {
		System.out.println(cursor.next());
	}

4. Save into another image

Code snippets to get an image file from MongoDB and output it to another image file.

	String newFileName = "mkyong-java-image";
	GridFS gfsPhoto = new GridFS(db, "photo");
	GridFSDBFile imageForOutput = gfsPhoto.findOne(newFileName);
	imageForOutput.writeTo("c:\\JavaWebHostingNew.png"); //output to new file

5. Delete image

Code snippets to delete an image file.

	String newFileName = "mkyong-java-image";
	GridFS gfsPhoto = new GridFS(db, "photo");
	gfsPhoto.remove(gfsPhoto.findOne(newFileName));

Full Example

Full example to work with image, via Java MongoDB GridFS API. See comments for explanation.

package com.mkyong.core;
 
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import com.mongodb.DB;
import com.mongodb.DBCollection;
import com.mongodb.DBCursor;
import com.mongodb.Mongo;
import com.mongodb.MongoException;
import com.mongodb.gridfs.GridFS;
import com.mongodb.gridfs.GridFSDBFile;
import com.mongodb.gridfs.GridFSInputFile;
 
/**
 * Java MongoDB : Save image example
 * 
 */
 
public class SaveImageApp {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
 
		try {
 
			Mongo mongo = new Mongo("localhost", 27017);
			DB db = mongo.getDB("imagedb");
			DBCollection collection = db.getCollection("dummyColl");
 
			String newFileName = "mkyong-java-image";
 
			File imageFile = new File("c:\\JavaWebHosting.png");
 
			// create a "photo" namespace
			GridFS gfsPhoto = new GridFS(db, "photo");
 
			// get image file from local drive
			GridFSInputFile gfsFile = gfsPhoto.createFile(imageFile);
 
			// set a new filename for identify purpose
			gfsFile.setFilename(newFileName);
 
			// save the image file into mongoDB
			gfsFile.save();
 
			// print the result
			DBCursor cursor = gfsPhoto.getFileList();
			while (cursor.hasNext()) {
				System.out.println(cursor.next());
			}
 
			// get image file by it's filename
			GridFSDBFile imageForOutput = gfsPhoto.findOne(newFileName);
 
			// save it into a new image file
			imageForOutput.writeTo("c:\\JavaWebHostingNew.png");
 
			// remove the image file from mongoDB
			gfsPhoto.remove(gfsPhoto.findOne(newFileName));
 
			System.out.println("Done");
 
		} catch (UnknownHostException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (MongoException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
 
	}
}

At the end of the program, a new image file is created in “c:\\JavaWebHostingNew.png“.

Reference

  1. MongoDB GridFS Specification
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About the Author

mkyong
Founder of Mkyong.com and HostingCompass.com, love Java and open source stuff. Follow him on Twitter, or befriend him on Facebook or Google Plus. If you like my tutorials, consider make a donation to these charities.

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  • Manohar

    Please reply soon… Its urgent!!!
    I am getting a run time error like this—-
    Exception in thread “main” java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: com/mongodb/MongoExce
    ption
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
    at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Unknown Source)
    at java.lang.Class.getMethod0(Unknown Source)
    at java.lang.Class.getMethod(Unknown Source)
    at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.getMainMethod(Unknown Source)
    at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.checkAndLoadMain(Unknown Source)
    Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.mongodb.MongoException
    at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(Unknown Source)
    at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
    at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(Unknown Source)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
    at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
    … 6 more
    Please HELP
    Thanks in advance!!!

  • ajit

    This is too good. I am loving this tutorial. No one has posted so simple tutorial of mongoDB.Thanks mkyong my saviour.

  • Jitendra

    It is very nice tutorial.
    I want to execute query:
    some of two fields should less than or equal to current date.
    How we can do that?
    I put below query but it didn’t work. Can you please suggest?
    List savedUser2 = mongoOperation.find(
    new Query(Criteria.where(“(cachettl + create_time)”).lte(System.currentTimeMillis())), com.mkyong.user.EventListner.class,
    “events”);

  • Kev Ng

    That’s wonderful and very simple.
    Thank you !

  • Majid Azimi

    Awesome tutorial. Simple and effective…

  • Pingback: Mongo pictures | Imagestore()

  • cmdr

    Hi

    How can we perform the same operations using the spring data api.

    Regards