javax.swing.tree.TreeNode is a restricted class

Problem

Developing Struts2 on Google App Engine, in following environment.

  1. Struts 2.3.1.2
  2. freemaker 2.3.18
  3. JDK 1.6
  4. Eclipse 3.7 + Google Plugin for Eclipse
  5. Google App Engine Java SDK 1.6.3.1

GAE complaints that javax.swing.tree.TreeNode is a restricted class in local development, if deployed on real GAE production environment, error message is gone.


Caused by:
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax.swing.tree.TreeNode is a restricted class. 
	Please see the Google  App Engine developer's guide for more details.
	at com.google.appengine.tools.development.agent.runtime.Runtime.reject(Runtime.java:51)
	at freemarker.core.TextBlock.isIgnorable(TextBlock.java:375)
	at freemarker.core.TextBlock.heedsTrailingWhitespace(TextBlock.java:337)

Solution

No idea why it works in GAE production environment, for local GAE environment, you can overload the TextBlock class, compile below code and move it to WEB-INF/classes, so that it will overload the original TextBlock class.

treenote is restricted class

File : TextBlock.java


/* 
 * Copyright (c) 2003 The Visigoth Software Society. All rights 
 * reserved. 
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without 
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions 
 * are met: 
 * 
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright 
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 * 
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above 
copyright 
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in 
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the 
 *    distribution. 
 * 
 * 3. The end-user documentation included with the redistribution, if 
 *    any, must include the following acknowledgement: 
 *       "This product includes software developed by the 
 *        Visigoth Software Society (http://www.visigoths.org/)." 
 *    Alternately, this acknowledgement may appear in the software 
itself, 
 *    if and wherever such third-party acknowledgements normally 
appear. 
 * 
 * 4. Neither the name "FreeMarker", "Visigoth", nor any of the names 
of the 
 *    project contributors may be used to endorse or promote products 
derived 
 *    from this software without prior written permission. For written 
 *    permission, please contact visigo...@visigoths.org. 
 * 
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called 
"FreeMarker" or "Visigoth" 
 *    nor may "FreeMarker" or "Visigoth" appear in their names 
 *    without prior written permission of the Visigoth Software 
Society. 
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED 
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES 
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE 
 * DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE VISIGOTH SOFTWARE SOCIETY OR 
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, 
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT 
 * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF 
 * USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND 
 * ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, 
 * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT 
 * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF 
 * SUCH DAMAGE. 
 * 
==================================================================== 
 * 
 * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many 
 * individuals on behalf of the Visigoth Software Society. For more 
 * information on the Visigoth Software Society, please see 
 * http://www.visigoths.org/ 
 */
package freemarker.core;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * A TemplateElement representing a block of plain text.
 * 
 * @version $Id: TextBlock.java,v 1.17 2004/01/06 17:06:42 szegedia Exp $
 */
public final class TextBlock extends TemplateElement {
	private static final char[] EMPTY_CHAR_ARRAY = new char[0];
	static final TextBlock EMPTY_BLOCK = new TextBlock(EMPTY_CHAR_ARRAY, false);
	// We're using char[] instead of String for storing the text block because
	// Writer.write(String) involves copying the String contents to a char[]
	// using String.getChars(), and then calling Writer.write(char[]). By
	// using Writer.write(char[]) directly, we avoid array copying on each
	// write.
	private char[] text;
	private final boolean unparsed;

	public TextBlock(String text) {
		this(text, false);
	}

	public TextBlock(String text, boolean unparsed) {
		this(text.toCharArray(), unparsed);
	}

	private TextBlock(char[] text, boolean unparsed) {
		this.text = text;
		this.unparsed = unparsed;
	}

	/**
	 * Simply outputs the text.
	 */
	public void accept(Environment env) throws IOException {
		env.getOut().write(text);
	}

	public String getCanonicalForm() {
		String text = new String(this.text);
		if (unparsed) {
			return "<#noparse>" + text + "</#noparse>";
		}
		return text;
	}

	public String getDescription() {
		String s = new String(text).trim();
		if (s.length() == 0) {
			return "whitespace";
		}
		if (s.length() > 20) {
			s = s.substring(0, 20) + "...";
			s = s.replace('\n', ' ');
			s = s.replace('\r', ' ');
		}
		return "text block (" + s + ")";
	}

	TemplateElement postParseCleanup(boolean stripWhitespace) {
		if (text.length == 0)
			return this;
		int openingCharsToStrip = 0, trailingCharsToStrip = 0;
		boolean deliberateLeftTrim = deliberateLeftTrim();
		boolean deliberateRightTrim = deliberateRightTrim();
		if (!stripWhitespace || text.length == 0) {
			return this;
		}
		if (parent.parent == null && previousSibling() == null)
			return this;
		if (!deliberateLeftTrim) {
			trailingCharsToStrip = trailingCharsToStrip();
		}
		if (!deliberateRightTrim) {
			openingCharsToStrip = openingCharsToStrip();
		}
		if (openingCharsToStrip == 0 && trailingCharsToStrip == 0) {
			return this;
		}
		this.text = substring(text, openingCharsToStrip, text.length
				- trailingCharsToStrip);
		if (openingCharsToStrip > 0) {
			this.beginLine++;
			this.beginColumn = 1;
		}
		if (trailingCharsToStrip > 0) {
			this.endColumn = 0;
		}
		return this;
	}

	/**
	 * Scans forward the nodes on the same line to see whether there is a
	 * deliberate left trim in effect. Returns true if the left trim was
	 * present.
	 */
	private boolean deliberateLeftTrim() {
		boolean result = false;
		for (TemplateElement elem = this.nextTerminalNode(); elem != null
				&& elem.beginLine == this.endLine; elem = elem
				.nextTerminalNode()) {
			if (elem instanceof TrimInstruction) {
				TrimInstruction ti = (TrimInstruction) elem;
				if (!ti.left && !ti.right) {
					result = true;
				}
				if (ti.left) {
					result = true;
					int lastNewLineIndex = lastNewLineIndex();
					if (lastNewLineIndex >= 0 || beginColumn == 1) {
						char[] firstPart = substring(text, 0,
								lastNewLineIndex + 1);
						char[] lastLine = substring(text, 1 + lastNewLineIndex);
						if (trim(lastLine).length == 0) {
							this.text = firstPart;
							this.endColumn = 0;
						} else {
							int i = 0;
							while (Character.isWhitespace(lastLine[i])) {
								i++;
							}
							char[] printablePart = substring(lastLine, i);
							this.text = concat(firstPart, printablePart);
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		if (result) {
		}
		return result;
	}

	/**
	 * Checks for the presence of a t or rt directive on the same line. Returns
	 * true if the right trim directive was present.
	 */
	private boolean deliberateRightTrim() {
		boolean result = false;
		for (TemplateElement elem = this.prevTerminalNode(); elem != null
				&& elem.endLine == this.beginLine; elem = elem
				.prevTerminalNode()) {
			if (elem instanceof TrimInstruction) {
				TrimInstruction ti = (TrimInstruction) elem;
				if (!ti.left && !ti.right) {
					result = true;
				}
				if (ti.right) {
					result = true;
					int firstLineIndex = firstNewLineIndex() + 1;
					if (firstLineIndex == 0) {
						return false;
					}
					if (text.length > firstLineIndex
							&& text[firstLineIndex - 1] == '\r'
							&& text[firstLineIndex] == '\n') {
						firstLineIndex++;
					}
					char[] trailingPart = substring(text, firstLineIndex);
					char[] openingPart = substring(text, 0, firstLineIndex);
					if (trim(openingPart).length == 0) {
						this.text = trailingPart;
						this.beginLine++;
						this.beginColumn = 1;
					} else {
						int lastNonWS = openingPart.length - 1;
						while (Character.isWhitespace(text[lastNonWS])) {
							lastNonWS--;
						}
						char[] printablePart = substring(text, 0, lastNonWS + 1);
						if (trim(trailingPart).length == 0) {
							// THIS BLOCK IS HEINOUS! THERE MUST BE A BETTER
							// WAY! REVISIT (JR)
							boolean trimTrailingPart = true;
							for (TemplateElement te = this.nextTerminalNode(); te != null
									&& te.beginLine == this.endLine; te = te
									.nextTerminalNode()) {
								if (te.heedsOpeningWhitespace()) {
									trimTrailingPart = false;
								}
								if (te instanceof TrimInstruction
										&& ((TrimInstruction) te).left) {
									trimTrailingPart = true;
									break;
								}
							}
							if (trimTrailingPart)
								trailingPart = EMPTY_CHAR_ARRAY;
						}
						this.text = concat(printablePart, trailingPart);
					}
				}
			}
		}
		return result;
	}

	/*
	 * private String leftTrim(String s) { int i =0; while (i<s.length()) { if
	 * (!Character.isWhitespace(s.charAt(i))) break; ++i; } return
	 * s.substring(i); }
	 */
	private int firstNewLineIndex() {
		String content = new String(text);
		int newlineIndex1 = content.indexOf('\n');
		int newlineIndex2 = content.indexOf('\r');
		int result = newlineIndex1 >= 0 ? newlineIndex1 : newlineIndex2;
		if (newlineIndex1 >= 0 && newlineIndex2 >= 0) {
			result = Math.min(newlineIndex1, newlineIndex2);
		}
		return result;
	}

	private int lastNewLineIndex() {
		String content = new String(text);
		return Math.max(content.lastIndexOf('\r'), content.lastIndexOf('\n'));
	}

	/**
	 * figures out how many opening whitespace characters to strip in the
	 * post-parse cleanup phase.
	 */
	private int openingCharsToStrip() {
		int newlineIndex = firstNewLineIndex();
		if (newlineIndex == -1 && beginColumn != 1) {
			return 0;
		}
		++newlineIndex;
		if (text.length > newlineIndex) {
			if (newlineIndex > 0 && text[newlineIndex - 1] == '\r'
					&& text[newlineIndex] == '\n') {
				++newlineIndex;
			}
		}
		if (new String(text).substring(0, newlineIndex).trim().length() > 0) {
			return 0;
		}
		// We look at the preceding elements on the line to see if we should
		// strip the opening newline and any whitespace preceding it.
		for (TemplateElement elem = this.prevTerminalNode(); elem != null
				&& elem.endLine == this.beginLine; elem = elem
				.prevTerminalNode()) {
			if (elem.heedsOpeningWhitespace()) {
				return 0;
			}
		}
		return newlineIndex;
	}

	/**
	 * figures out how many trailing whitespace characters to strip in the
	 * post-parse cleanup phase.
	 */
	private int trailingCharsToStrip() { 
        String content = new String(text); 
        int lastNewlineIndex = lastNewLineIndex(); 
        if (lastNewlineIndex == -1 && beginColumn != 1) { 
            return 0; 
        } 
        String substring = content.substring(lastNewlineIndex +1); 
        if (substring.trim().length() >0) { 
            return 0; 
        } 
// We look at the elements afterward on the same line to see if we should 
// strip any whitespace after the last newline 
        for (TemplateElement elem = this.nextTerminalNode(); 
             elem != null && elem.beginLine == this.endLine; 
             elem = elem.nextTerminalNode()) 
        { 
            if (elem.heedsTrailingWhitespace()) 
            { 
                return 0; 
            } 
        } 
        return substring.length(); 
    }
	boolean heedsTrailingWhitespace() {
		if (isIgnorable()) {
			return false;
		}
		for (int i = 0; i < text.length; i++) {
			char c = text[i];
			if (c == '\n' || c == '\r') {
				return false;
			}
			if (!Character.isWhitespace(c)) {
				return true;
			}
		}
		return true;
	}

	boolean heedsOpeningWhitespace() {
		if (isIgnorable()) {
			return false;
		}
		for (int i = text.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
			char c = text[i];
			if (c == '\n' || c == '\r') {
				return false;
			}
			if (!Character.isWhitespace(c)) {
				return true;
			}
		}
		return true;
	}

	boolean isIgnorable() {
		if (text == null || text.length == 0) {
			return true;
		}
		if (!isWhitespace()) {
			return false;
		}
		// do the trick
		boolean atTopLevel = true;
		TemplateElement prevSibling = previousSibling();
		TemplateElement nextSibling = nextSibling();
		return ((prevSibling == null && atTopLevel) || nonOutputtingType(prevSibling))
				&& ((nextSibling == null && atTopLevel) || nonOutputtingType(nextSibling));
	}

	private boolean nonOutputtingType(TemplateElement element) {
		return (element instanceof Macro || element instanceof Assignment
				|| element instanceof AssignmentInstruction
				|| element instanceof PropertySetting
				|| element instanceof LibraryLoad || element instanceof Comment);
	}

	private static char[] substring(char[] c, int from, int to) {
		char[] c2 = new char[to - from];
		System.arraycopy(c, from, c2, 0, c2.length);
		return c2;
	}

	private static char[] substring(char[] c, int from) {
		return substring(c, from, c.length);
	}

	private static char[] trim(char[] c) {
		if (c.length == 0) {
			return c;
		}
		return new String(c).trim().toCharArray();
	}

	private static char[] concat(char[] c1, char[] c2) {
		char[] c = new char[c1.length + c2.length];
		System.arraycopy(c1, 0, c, 0, c1.length);
		System.arraycopy(c2, 0, c, c1.length, c2.length);
		return c;
	}

	boolean isWhitespace() {
		return text == null || trim(text).length == 0;
	}
}

Reference

  1. Freemarker 2.4, GAE/J 1.2.6 and javax.swing.tree.TreeNode

About the Author

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mkyong
Founder of Mkyong.com, love Java and open source stuff. Follow him on Twitter. If you like my tutorials, consider make a donation to these charities.

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boly38Google App Engine + Struts 2 example Recent comment authors
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boly38
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boly38

this work for me; so thanks :)

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