In this article, we show you how to use Spring EL to get value from Map and List. Actually, the way of SpEL works with Map and List is exactly same with Java. See example :


        //get map whete key = 'MapA'
	@Value("#{testBean.map['MapA']}")
	private String mapA;

	//get first value from list, list is 0-based.
	@Value("#{testBean.list[0]}")
	private String list;

Spring EL in Annotation

Here, created a HashMap and ArrayList, with some initial data for testing.


package com.mkyong.core;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component("customerBean")
public class Customer {

	@Value("#{testBean.map['MapA']}")
	private String mapA;

	@Value("#{testBean.list[0]}")
	private String list;

	public String getMapA() {
		return mapA;
	}

	public void setMapA(String mapA) {
		this.mapA = mapA;
	}

	public String getList() {
		return list;
	}

	public void setList(String list) {
		this.list = list;
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Customer [mapA=" + mapA + ", list=" + list + "]";
	}

}

package com.mkyong.core;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component("testBean")
public class Test {

	private Map<String, String> map;
	private List<String> list;

	public Test() {
		map = new HashMap<String, String>();
		map.put("MapA", "This is A");
		map.put("MapB", "This is B");
		map.put("MapC", "This is C");

		list = new ArrayList<String>();
		list.add("List0");
		list.add("List1");
		list.add("List2");

	}

	public Map<String, String> getMap() {
		return map;
	}

	public void setMap(Map<String, String> map) {
		this.map = map;
	}

	public List<String> getList() {
		return list;
	}

	public void setList(List<String> list) {
		this.list = list;
	}

}

Run it


       Customer obj = (Customer) context.getBean("customerBean");
       System.out.println(obj);

Output


Customer [mapA=This is A, list=List0]

Spring EL in XML

See equivalent version in bean definition XML file.


<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">

	<bean id="customerBean" class="com.mkyong.core.Customer">
		<property name="mapA" value="#{testBean.map['MapA']}" />
		<property name="list" value="#{testBean.list[0]}" />
	</bean>

	<bean id="testBean" class="com.mkyong.core.Test" />

</beans>

Download Source Code

Download It – Spring3-EL-Map-List-Example.zip (6 KB)