In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MongoDB on Windows.

  1. MongoDB 2.2.3
  2. Windows 7
Note
The MongoDB does not require installation, just download and extracts the zip file, configure the data directory and start it with command “mongod“.

1. Download MongoDB

Download MongoDB from official MongoDB website. Choose Windows 32 bits or 64 bits. Unzip, extracts to your prefer location, for example : d:\mongodb\.

2. Review MongoDB folder

In MongoDB, it contains only 10+ executable files (exe) in the bin folder. This is true, and that are the required files to MongoDB, it’s really hard to believe for a developer like me who come from a relation database background.

Figure : Files under $MongoDB/bin folder

mongodb-windows
Note
It’s recommended to add $MongoDB/bin to Windows environment variable, so that you can access the MongoDB’s commands in command prompt easily.

3. Configuration File

Create a MongoDB config file, it’s just a text file, for example : d:\mongodb\mongo.config

d:\mongodb\mongo.config
##store data here
dbpath=D:\mongodb\data
 
##all output go here
logpath=D:\mongodb\log\mongo.log
 
##log read and write operations
diaglog=3
Note
MongoDB need a folder (data directory) to store its data. By default, it will store in “C:\data\db“, create this folder manually. MongoDB won’t create it for you. You can also specify an alternate data directory with --dbpath option.

4. Run MongoDB server

Use mongod.exe --config d:\mongodb\mongo.config to start MongoDB server.

d:\mongodb\bin>mongod --config D:\mongodb\mongo.config
all output going to: D:\mongodb\log\mongo.log

5. Connect to MongoDB

Uses mongo.exe to connect to the started MongoDB server.

d:\mongodb\bin>mongo
MongoDB shell version: 2.2.3
connecting to: test
> //mongodb shell

6. MongoDB as Windows Service

Add MongoDB as Windows Service, so that MongoDB will start automatically following each system restart.

Install as Windows Service with --install.

d:\mongodb\bin> mongod --config D:\mongodb\mongo.config --install

A Windows service named “MongoDB” is created.

mongodb-windows-service

To start MongoDB Service

net start MongoDB

To stop MongoDB Service

net stop MongoDB

To remove MongoDB Service

d:\mongodb\bin>mongod --remove

7. FAQs

1. Install MongoDB as Windows service on Windows 8, but hit “Access is denied.” error message :

C:\Users\mkyong2002>mongod --config D:\mongodb\mongo.config --install
Tue Jul 16 21:05:55.154 diagLogging level=3
Tue Jul 16 21:05:55.155 diagLogging using file D:\mongodb\data/diaglog.51e54533
Tue Jul 16 21:05:55.155 Trying to install Windows service 'MongoDB'
Tue Jul 16 21:05:55.155 Error connecting to the Service Control Manager: Access
is denied. (5)

To fix it, run the Command Prompt with Administrative Privileges – right click on the command prompt icon, select run as administrator.

References

  1. Install MongoDB on Windows
  2. MongoDB configuration options
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