Maven, comes with more than 40+ Maven templates to let developer to quick start a new Java project. See following steps to create a new Java project with Maven command “mvn archetype:generate“.

1. Maven – mvn archetype:generate

Navigate to folder that you want Maven to generate the project, e.g “E:\workspace\test“, and issue this command “mvn archetype:generate”. Maven will list out exiting 40+ Maven template projects for you to choose.

In this example, choose 18 to create a simple Java web application project template.

E:\workspace\test>mvn archetype:generate
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] Searching repository for plugin with prefix: 'archetype'.
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Maven Default Project
[INFO]    task-segment: [archetype:generate] (aggregator-style)
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Preparing archetype:generate
[INFO] No goals needed for project - skipping
...
Choose archetype:
1: internal -> appfuse-basic-jsf (AppFuse archetype for creating a web application with Hibernate, Spring and JSF)
2: internal -> appfuse-basic-spring (AppFuse archetype for creating a web application with Hibernate, Spring and Spring MVC)
3: internal -> appfuse-basic-struts (AppFuse archetype for creating a web application with Hibernate, Spring and Struts 2)
4: internal -> appfuse-basic-tapestry (AppFuse archetype for creating a web application with Hibernate, Spring and Tapestry 4)
5: internal -> appfuse-core (AppFuse archetype for creating a jar application with Hibernate and Spring and XFire)
6: internal -> appfuse-modular-jsf (AppFuse archetype for creating a modular application with Hibernate, Spring and JSF)
7: internal -> appfuse-modular-spring (AppFuse archetype for creating a modular application with Hibernate, Spring and Spring MVC)
8: internal -> appfuse-modular-struts (AppFuse archetype for creating a modular application with Hibernate, Spring and Struts 2)
9: internal -> appfuse-modular-tapestry (AppFuse archetype for creating a modular application with Hibernate, Spring and Tapestry 4)
10: internal -> maven-archetype-j2ee-simple (A simple J2EE Java application)
11: internal -> maven-archetype-marmalade-mojo (A Maven plugin development project using marmalade)
12: internal -> maven-archetype-mojo (A Maven Java plugin development project)
13: internal -> maven-archetype-portlet (A simple portlet application)
14: internal -> maven-archetype-profiles ()
15: internal -> maven-archetype-quickstart ()
16: internal -> maven-archetype-site-simple (A simple site generation project)
17: internal -> maven-archetype-site (A more complex site project)
18: internal -> maven-archetype-webapp (A simple Java web application)
19: internal -> jini-service-archetype (Archetype for Jini service project creation)
20: internal -> softeu-archetype-seam (JSF+Facelets+Seam Archetype)
21: internal -> softeu-archetype-seam-simple (JSF+Facelets+Seam (no persistence) Archetype)
22: internal -> softeu-archetype-jsf (JSF+Facelets Archetype)
23: internal -> jpa-maven-archetype (JPA application)
24: internal -> spring-osgi-bundle-archetype (Spring-OSGi archetype)
25: internal -> confluence-plugin-archetype (Atlassian Confluence plugin archetype)
26: internal -> jira-plugin-archetype (Atlassian JIRA plugin archetype)
27: internal -> maven-archetype-har (Hibernate Archive)
28: internal -> maven-archetype-sar (JBoss Service Archive)
29: internal -> wicket-archetype-quickstart (A simple Apache Wicket project)
30: internal -> scala-archetype-simple (A simple scala project)
31: internal -> lift-archetype-blank (A blank/empty liftweb project)
32: internal -> lift-archetype-basic (The basic (liftweb) project)
33: internal -> cocoon-22-archetype-block-plain ([http://cocoon.apache.org/2.2/maven-plugins/])
34: internal -> cocoon-22-archetype-block ([http://cocoon.apache.org/2.2/maven-plugins/])
35: internal -> cocoon-22-archetype-webapp ([http://cocoon.apache.org/2.2/maven-plugins/])
36: internal -> myfaces-archetype-helloworld (A simple archetype using MyFaces)
37: internal -> myfaces-archetype-helloworld-facelets (A simple archetype using MyFaces and facelets)
38: internal -> myfaces-archetype-trinidad (A simple archetype using Myfaces and Trinidad)
39: internal -> myfaces-archetype-jsfcomponents (A simple archetype for create custom JSF components using MyFaces)
40: internal -> gmaven-archetype-basic (Groovy basic archetype)
41: internal -> gmaven-archetype-mojo (Groovy mojo archetype)
Choose a number:  (1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21/22/23/24/25/26/27/28/29/30/31/32/33/34/35/36/37/38/39/40/41) 15: : 18

2. Project Details

Then, fill in your project details …

Define value for groupId: : com.mkyong
Define value for artifactId: : projectname
Define value for version:  1.0-SNAPSHOT: : 1.0
Define value for package:  com.mkyong: : testing

The following files and folders structure will be created …

E:\workspace\test\projectname
E:\workspace\test\projectname\src\
E:\workspace\test\projectname\src\pom.xml
E:\workspace\test\projectnam\src\main\
E:\workspace\test\projectnam\src\main\resources
E:\workspace\test\projectnam\src\main\webapp
E:\workspace\test\projectnam\src\main\webapp\index.jsp
E:\workspace\test\projectnam\src\main\webapp\WEB-INF\
E:\workspace\test\projectnam\src\main\webapp\WEB-INF\web.xml
Note
Please refer to this Maven Standard Directory Layout article for detail explanation.

3. Pom.xml

See the generated “pom.xml” file, very clean.

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
 
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>com.mkyong</groupId>
  <artifactId>projectname</artifactId>
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <version>1.0</version>
  <name>projectname Maven Webapp</name>
  <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>3.8.1</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
  <build>
    <finalName>projectname</finalName>
  </build>
</project>

4. Done

Everything is done with just one command in Maven. The standard folder structure is created, and you can start your development now.

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