I can’t find many log4j.properties examples, here are a few log4j.properties examples that are used in my project, just for sharing.

1. Output to Console

All logging will be redirected to your console.

log4j.properties
# Root logger option
log4j.rootLogger=INFO, stdout
 
# Direct log messages to stdout
log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target=System.out
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

3. Output to File

All logging will be redirected to your specified log file.

log4j.properties
# Root logger option
log4j.rootLogger=INFO, file
 
# Direct log messages to a log file
log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
 
#Redirect to Tomcat logs folder
#log4j.appender.file.File=${catalina.home}/logs/logging.log
 
log4j.appender.file.File=C:\\logigng.log
log4j.appender.file.MaxFileSize=10MB
log4j.appender.file.MaxBackupIndex=10
log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

3. Output to Console and File

All logging will be redirected to both log file and console.

log4j.properties
# Root logger option
log4j.rootLogger=INFO, file, stdout
 
# Direct log messages to a log file
log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.file.File=C:\\logging.log
log4j.appender.file.MaxFileSize=10MB
log4j.appender.file.MaxBackupIndex=10
log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n
 
# Direct log messages to stdout
log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target=System.out
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n
Note
If you prefer XML, please refer to this log4j.xml example.

References

  1. Log4j manual
  2. Log4j PatternLayout manual
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