In Android, the “android.widget.ToggleButton” is a special class to render a button which has only two states, for example, “on and “off”. It’s best alternative to radio buttons to turn on or turn off a function.

In this tutorial, we show you how to use XML to create two toggle buttons and a normal button, when user click on the normal button, it will display the current state of both toggle buttons.

P.S This project is developed in Eclipse 3.7, and tested with Android 2.3.3.

1. Custom String

Open “res/values/strings.xml” file, add some custom string for toggle buttons.

File : res/values/strings.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <string name="app_name">MyAndroidApp</string>
    <string name="toggle_turn_on">Turn On</string>
    <string name="toggle_turn_off">Turn Off</string>
    <string name="btn_display">Display</string>
</resources>

2. ToggleButton

Open “res/layout/main.xml” file, add two “ToggleButton” and a normal button, inside the LinearLayout.

File : res/layout/main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >
 
    <ToggleButton
        android:id="@+id/toggleButton1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="ToggleButton" />
 
    <ToggleButton
        android:id="@+id/toggleButton2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textOn="@string/toggle_turn_on"
        android:textOff="@string/toggle_turn_off"
        android:checked="true" />
 
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnDisplay"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/btn_display" />
 
</LinearLayout>
Note
Review the “togglebutton2″, we did customized the togglebutton2’s display text on and off and made it checked by default.

3. Code Code

Inside activity “onCreate()” method, attach a click listeners on a normal button, to display the current state of the toggle button.

File : MyAndroidAppActivity.java

package com.mkyong.android;
 
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;
import android.widget.ToggleButton;
 
public class MyAndroidAppActivity extends Activity {
 
  private ToggleButton toggleButton1, toggleButton2;
  private Button btnDisplay;
 
  @Override
  public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
	super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
	setContentView(R.layout.main);
 
	addListenerOnButton();
 
  }
 
  public void addListenerOnButton() {
 
	toggleButton1 = (ToggleButton) findViewById(R.id.toggleButton1);
	toggleButton2 = (ToggleButton) findViewById(R.id.toggleButton2);
	btnDisplay = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnDisplay);
 
	btnDisplay.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
 
		@Override
		public void onClick(View v) {
 
		   StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer();
		   result.append("toggleButton1 : ").append(toggleButton1.getText());
		   result.append("\ntoggleButton2 : ").append(toggleButton2.getText());
 
		   Toast.makeText(MyAndroidAppActivity.this, result.toString(),
			Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
 
		}
 
	});
 
  }
}

4. Demo

Run the application.

1. Result, toggleButton2 is using the customized string, and checked by default.

android togglebutton demo1

2. Checked toggleButton1 and unchecked toggleButton2, and click on the display button, the current state of both toggle buttons will be displayed.

android togglebutton demo2

Download Source Code

Download it – Android-ToggleButton-Example.zip (15 KB)

References

  1. Android ToggleButton JavaDoc
  2. Android ToggleButton example
Tags :
Founder of Mkyong.com and HostingCompass.com, love Java and open source stuff. Follow him on Twitter, or befriend him on Facebook or Google Plus. If you like my tutorials, consider making a donation to this charity, thanks.

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