In Android, GridView let you arranges components in a two-dimensional scrolling grid. For detail attribute exaplanation, see GridView reference.

In this tutorial, we will show you 2 common GridView examples :

  1. Normal way, just display text in GridView layout.
  2. Create a custom adapter to display image and text in GridView layout.

P.S This project is developed in Eclipse 3.7, and tested with Android 2.3.3.

1. Normal GridView example

Display characters from A to Z in GridView layout. Quite simple, it should be sef-explanatory.

1.1 Android Layout file – res/layout/main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<GridView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/gridView1"
    android:numColumns="auto_fit"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:columnWidth="50dp"
    android:stretchMode="columnWidth"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent" >
 
</GridView>

1.2 Activity

package com.mkyong.android;
 
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
 
public class GridViewActivity extends Activity {
 
	GridView gridView;
 
	static final String[] numbers = new String[] { 
			"A", "B", "C", "D", "E",
			"F", "G", "H", "I", "J",
			"K", "L", "M", "N", "O",
			"P", "Q", "R", "S", "T",
			"U", "V", "W", "X", "Y", "Z"};
 
	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
 
		setContentView(R.layout.main);
 
		gridView = (GridView) findViewById(R.id.gridView1);
 
		ArrayAdapter<String> adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,
				android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, numbers);
 
		gridView.setAdapter(adapter);
 
		gridView.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {
			public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View v,
				int position, long id) {
			   Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),
				((TextView) v).getText(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			}
		});
 
	}
 
}

1.3 Demo

android grid view example

2. Custom Adapter example

In this example, extend a BaseAdapter to display a group of image and text in GridView layout.

2.1 Two Android Layout files

File – res/layout/main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<GridView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/gridView1"
    android:numColumns="auto_fit"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:columnWidth="100dp"
    android:stretchMode="columnWidth"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent" >
 
</GridView>

File – res/layout/mobile.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:padding="5dp" >
 
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/grid_item_image"
        android:layout_width="50px"
        android:layout_height="50px"
        android:layout_marginRight="10px"
        android:src="@drawable/android_logo" >
    </ImageView>
 
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/grid_item_label"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@+id/label"
        android:layout_marginTop="5px"
        android:textSize="15px" >
    </TextView>
 
</LinearLayout>

2.2 Custom Adapter

package com.mkyong.android.adapter;
 
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
 
import com.mkyong.android.R;
 
public class ImageAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
	private Context context;
	private final String[] mobileValues;
 
	public ImageAdapter(Context context, String[] mobileValues) {
		this.context = context;
		this.mobileValues = mobileValues;
	}
 
	public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
 
		LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) context
			.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
 
		View gridView;
 
		if (convertView == null) {
 
			gridView = new View(context);
 
			// get layout from mobile.xml
			gridView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.mobile, null);
 
			// set value into textview
			TextView textView = (TextView) gridView
					.findViewById(R.id.grid_item_label);
			textView.setText(mobileValues[position]);
 
			// set image based on selected text
			ImageView imageView = (ImageView) gridView
					.findViewById(R.id.grid_item_image);
 
			String mobile = mobileValues[position];
 
			if (mobile.equals("Windows")) {
				imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.windows_logo);
			} else if (mobile.equals("iOS")) {
				imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.ios_logo);
			} else if (mobile.equals("Blackberry")) {
				imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.blackberry_logo);
			} else {
				imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.android_logo);
			}
 
		} else {
			gridView = (View) convertView;
		}
 
		return gridView;
	}
 
	@Override
	public int getCount() {
		return mobileValues.length;
	}
 
	@Override
	public Object getItem(int position) {
		return null;
	}
 
	@Override
	public long getItemId(int position) {
		return 0;
	}
 
}

2.3 Activity

package com.mkyong.android;
 
import com.mkyong.android.adapter.ImageAdapter;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
 
public class GridViewActivity extends Activity {
 
	GridView gridView;
 
	static final String[] MOBILE_OS = new String[] { 
		"Android", "iOS","Windows", "Blackberry" };
 
	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
 
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.main);
 
		gridView = (GridView) findViewById(R.id.gridView1);
 
		gridView.setAdapter(new ImageAdapter(this, MOBILE_OS));
 
		gridView.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {
			public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View v,
					int position, long id) {
				Toast.makeText(
				   getApplicationContext(),
				   ((TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.grid_item_label))
				   .getText(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
 
			}
		});
 
	}
 
}

2.4 Demo

android gridview custom adapter example

Download Source Code

Download it – Android-GridView-Example.zip (21 KB)

References

  1. GridView Javadoc
  2. Android GridView example
  3. Android ListView example
Tags :
Founder of Mkyong.com, love Java and open source stuff. Follow him on Twitter, or befriend him on Facebook or Google Plus. If you like my tutorials, consider making a donation to the charity, thanks.

Related Posts

Popular Posts